Rawlings School of Divinity


Doctor of Education in Christian Leadership (EdD)


Gary J. Bredfeldt


Cultural Intelligence, Multiculturalism, Diversity, Ethiopian Immigrants, Globalization


Christianity | Leadership Studies | Religion


The purpose of this phenomenological research was to explore the cultural intelligence (CQ) of the Ethiopian Evangelical immigrant church leaders’ and families’ experiences in the Washington metropolitan area, including the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia. In this study, nineteen participants were sampled to gather data. The data was collected through questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and focus groups. Following this, the data was analyzed through the transcendental phenomenological analysis. Through these analyses, the investigation presented the lived experiences of immigrant church leaders and church families. It described how the immigrant church leaders dealt with cultural conflicts through cultural intelligence to lead their church families. Then, it showed how cultural intelligence was applied to deal with immigration issues and about relationships between the first and second generations. Thematic analysis revealed that participants used cultural intelligence to minister immigrants in the US. They used cultural intelligence to help newcomers settle and thrive in the US, manage conflicts, provide spiritual services, and minister to the first and second generations.