Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Primary Subject Area
anxiety, seminary students, state-anxiety, trait-anxiety
Kim, Jae Duk, "Stress and Anxiety among Korean International Students at Liberty University Analyzed with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Form Y)" (2009). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 285.
International students face unique issues, including anxiety while adjusting to cultural unfamiliar and academic challenges. This research study examined characteristics and anxiety levels as Korean international seminary students (n = 61) living in the U.S. and compared them with Korean domestic seminary students (n = 120) living in Korea using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Form Y) (Spielberger, 1983). The results: the Pearson correlation indicated that the state anxiety scores and trait anxiety scores were significantly related. Korean international seminary students had statistically significantly higher mean scores on state and trait anxiety than Korean domestic seminary students. The 2×2×2 ANOVA revealed that significant differences were found for location and marital status, but not for gender. In indicating that among Korean international students some require more care and support for the management of anxiety than others.