School of Music


Doctor of Philosophy


R.S. Connell


Liturgical Worship, SoulCare, Pastoral Care, Pastoral Counseling, Spiritual Formation


Liturgy and Worship


Throughout twenty plus centuries of Liturgical Worship, there have been two significant demands on those who teach and facilitate worship. The first call is for that worship to be faithful and orthodox, a continuation of the worship that has been handed down from those whose lives were marked by it. The second demand is to be relevant—that whatever is done be done in such a manner as to impact lives. This second call is a request that the souls of people who are led in worship be changed, healed, and matured. Through careful historical research and modern interviews, this dissertation provides the hope that real renewal is found in uniting these two demands around a common purpose—to help people mature in Christ Jesus, by revealing His presence and ministry in their lives. The research is divided in three sections, and covers different historic areas in the church. The historic eras include the patristic era (both Ante-Nicene and Post-Nicene Eras), the Lutheran Reformation, the 19th Century and the formative years of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, the post 1942 Lutheran, Catholic and Anglican Liturgical movements. The research divides out into a broad treatment of the Liturgy, then into the various parts of the Liturgy. The research then looks through the same era in regard to the Cure of Souls, which covers the areas of Pastoral Care, Pastoral Counseling and spiritual formation. The last portion of research considers contemporary voices who facilitate Liturgical Worship, who provide SoulCare and who teach and train others to do that. In each case the interviewees also are led in worship and have been recipients of SoulCare. Finally, as the research provides a common outcome for Liturgical Worship and SoulCare, the relationship is seen. That Liturgical Worship provides the foundation from which SoulCare operates.