School of Education


Doctor of Philosophy


Michelle Barthlow


levels of hearing loss, course satisfaction, course format, traditional, hybrid, asynchronous, hard-of-hearing


Communication Sciences and Disorders | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research


The purpose of this quantitative study using a predictive, correlational design was to investigate the relationship between two unrelated predictor variables (levels of hearing and course format) and one criterion variable (course satisfaction scores). The study included 239 undergraduate students enrolled in HED 101 at an HBCU institution in Alabama. Hearing loss is an invisible disorder that impacts social, emotional, and educational aspects. This study was critical to determine whether course modality and hearing loss can influence students’ course satisfaction. Data collection involved administering the collaborative learning, social presence, and satisfaction (CLSS) questionnaire and an audiological hearing screening that involved collecting pure tone averages of each subject. The data were analyzed using multiple linear regression, which revealed a significant predictive relationship between a linear combination of the predictor variables, which were levels of hearing loss, course format, and the criterion variable of course satisfaction. However, none of the individual predictors were found to be significant. The results emphasized the importance of further research to explore the impact of hearing loss levels among college students. Educational institutions have a vested interest in understanding students' hearing levels to ensure equitable access to educational resources through appropriate accommodations. The findings of this study can significantly benefit educators by informing course design and necessary accommodations for students, including those with mild or slight hearing loss. Consequently, further studies are warranted to investigate hearing loss levels among college students, providing valuable insights to assist educators in course development and the necessary modifications to cater to students with varying degrees of hearing loss.