School of Nursing
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
osteoporosis, bone mineral density, nonpharmacologic methodologies, exercise, calcium, vitamin D, vitamin K2, vitamin C, whole-body vibration
Saporsky, Katie, "Nonpharmacologic Measures to Maintain or Increase Bone Density in Patients at Risk for Osteoporosis: An Integrative Review" (2023). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 4601.
Osteoporosis is a major phenomenon, impacting a large proportion of the population of the United States. Effective prevention and mitigation strategies for this condition and its related complications are necessary to promote health and well-being for the aging population. Current pharmacologic agents used to combat osteoporosis bring the risk of adverse effects, resulting in poor patient adherence. Nonpharmacologic methodologies, specifically weight-bearing exercise, targeted nutrition, and whole-body vibration, have proven to be successful in increasing bone mineral density and mitigating the risk of osteoporosis and its related complications. Implementing these methodologies results in increasing bone mineral density, strength, and well-being.