Date

2-3-2023

Department

School of Behavioral Sciences

Degree

Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)

Chair

David Shelton

Keywords

Shame, Stigma, Empathy, Callousness, Sex offender, Moderation, Mediation, Moderated Mediation, Correlation

Disciplines

Counseling | Psychology

Abstract

Callous, lacking sympathy, heartless, and cold are but a few synonyms for people that demonstrate a deficit in empathy. Psychologists, criminologists, and sociologists have tried to explain this phenomenon of callousness, or lack of empathy found in criminals for hundreds of years. Issues of definitions of empathy, personality disorders, character flaws, and even neurobiological issues have been studied in their relation to empathy. Theories of criminology have been presented to explain the reasons for lack of empathy. However, as of yet, no conclusive findings demonstrate the order or function in loss of empathy strength. This study will endeavor to describe the nature of empathy from the viewpoint of a moderation study that will demonstrate the cause-and-effect relationships of shame proneness, stigma, and empathy strength.

COinS