School of Behavioral Sciences
Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)
Shame, Stigma, Empathy, Callousness, Sex offender, Moderation, Mediation, Moderated Mediation, Correlation
Counseling | Psychology
Ferow, Robert M., "Shame, Stigma, and Callousness: A Moderated Mediation Study of Sex Offender Empathy Strength" (2023). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 4117.
Callous, lacking sympathy, heartless, and cold are but a few synonyms for people that demonstrate a deficit in empathy. Psychologists, criminologists, and sociologists have tried to explain this phenomenon of callousness, or lack of empathy found in criminals for hundreds of years. Issues of definitions of empathy, personality disorders, character flaws, and even neurobiological issues have been studied in their relation to empathy. Theories of criminology have been presented to explain the reasons for lack of empathy. However, as of yet, no conclusive findings demonstrate the order or function in loss of empathy strength. This study will endeavor to describe the nature of empathy from the viewpoint of a moderation study that will demonstrate the cause-and-effect relationships of shame proneness, stigma, and empathy strength.