School of Nursing


Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Dorothy Murphy


Burnout, healthcare workers, hospital, well-being, occupational stress, interventions, workplace culture


Nursing | Public Health


The purpose of this integrative literature review (ILR) is to provide a comprehensive summary and analysis of past empirical and theoretical literature related to the phenomenon of burnout while sharing a synthesis of literature. This ILR explores, critiques, summarizes, and analyzes best practices and interventions to address burnout and promote engagement and well-being among health care workers within acute care hospitals. The scientific basis for this ILR was the premise that a relationship exists between burnout interventions and organizational cultures which can be positively influenced by relational and social leadership styles that reduce work-related stressors and create positive, professional, healthy work environments. The ILR was performed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses reporting guidelines. Additionally, Melnyk’s level of evidence pyramid hierarchy and Whittemore and Knafl’s (2005) constant comparison method was used. A total of 16 studies published from 2017 to 2022 were suitable for analysis. The studies in this review evaluated a wide range of interventions to reduce burnout among healthcare professionals. The information gathered as a result of the literature review may be used by healthcare leaders and executives to make recommended practice changes related to implementing best practices to address burnout within hospitals.