School of Music


Doctor of Philosophy


Scott Connell


Jesus Christ, Jesus Movement, Calvary Chapel, Worship Leader, Chuck Smith, Pentecostal, Megachurch, Movement, Fruitful Ministry, Classic Pentecostal, first wave, Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa, Global Pentecostalism, Lead Pastor, Senior Pastor, Jesus Revolution, Spiritual Renewal, Pentecostal Wave, Phenomenological, Biblical Worldview, Hermeneutic Phenomenology, Biblical Lens, Inerrancy, Holy Spirit, Wickham, Holland Davis, Scott Cunningham, Donathan Williams, second wave, third wave, fourth wave, New Apostolic Reformation, Hillsongs, Bethel Music, CCM, Modern Christian Worship Music, Apostle, Prophet, Network Church, Rapture, Acts 2, Scripture, glossolalia, xenolalia, Chuck Fromm, Charles Fromm, Charismatic Interpreter, John Wimber, Lonnie Frisbee, Peter Drucker, Jesus Music, Charis, Grace, paradigmatic, charismata, model, in the Spirit, Biblical Marriage


Liturgy and Worship | Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion


By 2050, it has been estimated that 1 billion people will be Pentecostals in the broadest sense of the term. Today, one person in twelve globally is a part of this fastest-growing segment of Christianity. The ministry model of Calvary Chapel, Costa Mesa as served by Pastor Chuck Smith is a paradigmatic model that houses and stabilizes the ministry of the Holy Spirit as it reproduces. This phenomenological qualitative study explores the experiences of Worship Leaders who led worship during Sunday Morning services from 1985–2013 and sought to discover the essential characteristics of the Lead Pastor and Worship Leader interactions as they served this textual community in tandem. Calvary Chapel, Costa Mesa is properly understood as a refinement from the Second Wave of Pentecostalism called the Spiritual Renewal Movement that began in the mid-twentieth century. The Sunday morning service was the most attended service of the Southern California focal point of the “Jesus Movement”, a.k.a. the “Jesus Revolution.” It became a megachurch that spawned a Megachurch movement, the Modern Christian Worship Music industry, and exemplified Jesus’ teaching that a tree is known by its fruit. It is fruitful ministry by virtue of thousands of churches and ministries patterning their ministries of service after this model. Smith intentionally grounded typical experiential aspects of Pentecostal Christianity mediating a life in the Spirit built on a biblical foundation, avoiding the excesses of emotionalism, while providing a stable community for Christians to mature in their faith. The findings are presented to give the reader a sense for what it was like to serve in this context as a worship leader.