School of Nursing
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Nonpharmacological Pain Interventions, Hospitalized Adults, Pain Scores, Opioid Use, Pain Therapies
Anderson, Tammy Jane, "Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Non-Pharmacological Pain Interventions on Patient Reported Pain Scores and Opioid Use in Hospitalized Adult Patients" (2022). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 3506.
The purpose of this integrative review is to research, critique, and synthesize current literature to ascertain the effectiveness of nonpharmacological pain management interventions on hospitalized patient reported pain scores and the use of opioids. Patients report pain while hospitalized for a variety of reasons. In order to become an active participant in their recovery, patients must have their pain adequately controlled. The use of opioids for main management may be required but alternatives exist. These alternatives do not have the same risk factors as opioid pain management. Nonpharmacological interventions included music, virtual reality, massage, guided imagery/hypnosis, and psychological interventions. All showed effectiveness on pain reduction.