School of Behavioral Sciences


Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)


Elisa Niles


shame proneness, guilt-proneness, counseling, incarcerated, recidivism, prison, jail




The growing rate of individuals being incarcerated is an ongoing concern within the United States, and more so with an increase in recidivism rates. Shame and guilt are two forms of emotions that can occur due to multiple factors that could influence recidivism. Each emotion can have a different effect on an individual depending on the incident that occurred. Jails and prisons have been seen as a lucrative business that fails to provide the necessary services to reduce recidivism. Counseling could be utilized as an intervention for individuals who are currently or previously incarcerated. Having counseling in place can help to reduce recidivism rates and identify the levels associated with shame and guilt. Counseling can assist incarcerated individuals to process their thoughts, feelings, emotions, and possible trauma in addition to reducing shame proneness and guilt-proneness. Furthermore, counseling can assist with successful reintegration back into society. The focus of this research was to examine the relationship between shame proneness and guilt-proneness, counseling, and recidivism in incarcerated individuals. The results showed both hypotheses in this research were unfounded; there was some significance but not enough to show a predictive relationship between the independent variable (shame proneness and guilt-proneness) and the dependent variable (counseling and recidivism).

Included in

Counseling Commons