School of Behavioral Sciences


Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)


Stephen Ford


African Americans, Spirituality, Internalized Racial Oppression, Marital Satisfaction




Internalized racism was the topic of the current study. The emphasis of this study was on how African Americans deal with cultural racism and how it impacts their daily lives. One example of early internalized racism is Black teenage girls' dissatisfaction with their skin tones (Pyke, 2010). Internalized racial prejudice manifests itself in the adoption of American ideals of beauty, the devaluation of one's community, and the adoption of unhealthy habits (Campon & Carter, 2015). African Americans are a mixed group of people of many different backgrounds. The historical and contemporary links that link African countries American couples include marital satisfaction. Men and women of African descent have a strong marital bond secured by happiness and their religious convictions. An analysis of past and current studies on the internalized racism of African Americans inequality, marital happiness, and spirituality is provided in this paper. Through a literature review, topics such as how internalized ethnic discrimination makes people of color feel second-class in comparison to Caucasians and how church attendance increases African American couples' marital happiness were explored. Spirituality is very common among African Americans, and they demonstrate a long tradition of believing in and trusting in change. The variables of internalized racial discrimination, marital happiness, and spirituality were tested in the final debate. Questionnaires were administered and two experiments were performed for this causal comparative quantitative study.

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