The Strong Black Woman and Marital Satisfaction: A Mediation Moderation Analysis of Mental Health and Religiosity
School of Behavioral Sciences
Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)
strong Black woman, marital satisfaction, mental health, religiosity
Counseling | Psychology
Wright, Jessica Christine, "The Strong Black Woman and Marital Satisfaction: A Mediation Moderation Analysis of Mental Health and Religiosity" (2021). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 3345.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between endorsement of the Strong Black Woman (SBW) schema (stoicism and independence subscales), mental health (depression and anxiety), marital satisfaction, and the potential moderating effects of religiosity (negative and positive religious coping) on the strength and direction of this relationship. Participants consisted of four-hundred and thirty-nine married women who were recruited via Qualtrics. The women completed inventories to assess for SBW endorsement, marital satisfaction, depression, anxiety, and both negative and positive religious coping. The results indicated embracing characteristics of SBW-stoicism predicted decreased marital satisfaction and increased anxiety and depression. In contrast, embracing characteristics of SBW-independence was not correlated with marital satisfaction, anxiety, or depression. The mediation analysis indicated both anxiety and depression mediated the relationship between SBW-stoicism and marital satisfaction, but neither mediated the relationship between SBW-independence and marital satisfaction. When examining the moderating effect of religiosity, results revealed religiosity did not moderate the direct or indirect effects of SBW- stoicism or SBW-independence on marital satisfaction. Finally, the moderating impact race was investigated. The influence of race was examined to highlight potential racial differences. Race was not found to be a statistically significant moderator in this study. The results did not indicate a three-way interaction between SBW endorsement, religiosity, and race.