School of Behavioral Sciences


Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)


Fred Volk


21st Century, Black Churches, Challenges, COVID Pandemic


Education | Educational Methods


Leadership plays a critical role in any institution. Church leadership can guide the institution in the direction that it should go. In Small Black Churches (SBC), this research will identify the strategic leadership styles used in handling challenges. The intent is to identify the effectiveness of these styles in managing challenges in the 21st century church and their effect on personal leadership fulfillment. The study will interview pastors of local churches who had seminary training and those who did not. This author intends to record and transcribe the interviews for research purposes. By identifying the interviewees' leadership styles, the researcher hopes to lay a foundation for more available literature to fill the research gap as it relates to small churches. The Bible states: "Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit" (John 15:2, New King James Version). Some leadership styles are more effective than others because of the Biblical and holistic approach that follows Biblical principles. In Pastoral Care and Counseling, the leadership's mission is to provide a haven for its people, leaders, and parishioners.