School of Behavioral Sciences


Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)


William D. Bird


Empathy, Shame, Situational Appraisal, Resilience, Social Support




The current study investigated the interrelated roles of trait-shame, perceived social support, empathy, and situational appraisal style in the context of their influence on psychological resilience, and provided quantitative evidence of the conditional patterns of influence exerted by these constructs on psychological resilience. The study focused on quantifying the moderating influence of empathy and situational appraisal style on the relationships between trait-shame, social support, and psychological resilience through a mediated moderation model which presented a novel approach to conceptualizing these interactions. Supporting evidence was found for the mediating role of social support on the shame-resilience interaction as well as for conditional moderating influence exerted by the combination of empathy and situational appraisal style on the relationship between shame, social support, and resilience. However, the findings suggest that despite having found several significant interactions, there may be more complex conditional interactions governing the resilience outcomes than accounted for in the tested models. Along with the discussion of the findings as they relate to existing research, the limitations of the study and future research directions are discussed. Additionally, the implications of current findings are discussed in the context of their contribution to the scientific understanding of resilience along with wider implications of the findings for social policy contexts as well as in the context of Christian world view and ministry practices.

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