School of Behavioral Sciences


Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)


Suzie Johnson


Multicultural Counseling Competence, Black Counselors, Vocational Rehabilitation, Multicultural Awareness, VRC, MCC, MCA, African American Counselors, Cultural Competence, Diversity


Counseling | Social and Behavioral Sciences


Over the past 30 years In the United States, multiculturalism has expanded due to a larger number of diverse populations. In this qualitative research project, the researcher explored the multicultural awareness development of Black vocational rehabilitation counselors (VRCs). The participants consisted of six Black VRCs. The data were analyzed using phenomenological theory methodology. In vocational rehabilitation, counselors are not considered competent unless they comprehend multicultural counseling competence, have the proper educational backgrounds, and are achieving successful employment outcomes with culturally diverse clients. Research shows that the component of multicultural awareness development is considered the promising, yet essential contributor to overall multicultural counseling competence. Personal identity self-awareness development lays the groundwork for an ongoing resource to develop a multicultural awareness that, when maximized what they could learn to support culturally diverse clients. Being knowledgeable of their own personal foundation culture should provide initiative and inspire counselors to persevere despite the difficult emotions and conflict inherent in this developmental process. This qualitative investigation utilized a phenomenological approach through interviews to draw a parallel between the ethnocentricity and multicultural skills. As a result of the findings, the researcher presented a substantiated theory for the efficacy of multicultural counseling competence in vocational rehabilitation.

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