School of Nursing


Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Tonia Renee Kennedy


Elders, Caregivers, Technology, Independence, mHealth, Sensor, Internet of Things, Home Monitoring, Artificial Intelligence


Health Information Technology | Nursing


The goal of this integrative review was to examine the multitude of technology tools and the evidence which supports their use to enhance elders’ independence when residing at home. Multiple journal articles and books published between July 2015 and July 2020 were examined using the PRISMA model for evidence to support or oppose the use of technology to enhance the elders’s independence. A total of 27 articles were included in the final review. An exploration of gaps in knowledge related to the issue of elders using technology tools such as wearable sensors, artificial intelligence, home monitoring, robots, mHealth, Internet of things, and smart phones to prolong independent living and the various benefits of technology tools was conducted. The findings of this review suggest technology tools can enhance an elder’s independence. However, caregivers and professionals should proceed with caution, as there are concerns with implementing technology. Further studies are necessary to address concerns because of the revolutionary nature of technology tools and their relatively recent introduction to elders.