School of Behavioral Sciences


Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)


Deborah Braboy


Black Girls, Adolescent, Self-esteem, Femininity, Stereotypes, Intervention




This research was designed to explore how the traditional Model of Black Femininity stereotypes portrayal of Mammy, Sapphire, Jezebel, and Strong Black Women and maternal anxious mother attachment potentially impacts adolescent Black girls’ self-esteem. These constructs are relevant to increasing concerns regarding developing a high level of self-esteem and psychological well-being amongst adolescent Black girls. Two central questions are guided by this study. First, is the self-esteem of adolescent Black girls influenced by negative stereotypes of African American women? Secondly, would the self-esteem of adolescent Black girls correlate with maternal anxious attachment theory? Participants were twelve adolescent Black females ranging in age from 13 to 15 years old in the North Texas region. The group intervention program aimed to help participants understand and improve the factors that influence or contradict positive self-esteem and aids in the stability of ethnic-racial identity of adolescent Black girls. Self-esteem is a critical component of one’s self-identity, self-confidence, and self-worth. The community-based intervention program is essential to addressing child psychology’s mental-health field in the human development of adolescent Black girls’ self-esteem and prosocial behaviors related to negative character images of Black femininity and the anxious mother-daughter attachment relationships.

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