Jenna JordanFollow




School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Gail Collins


Adaptive Recreation, Adaptive Recreation Certification, Adaptive Recreation Instructor, Adaptive Recreation Program, Instructor Training, Recreational Therapy


Curriculum and Instruction | Education | Educational Administration and Supervision | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Methods | Educational Psychology


The purpose of this intrinsic case study was to understand the experience and pathway to becoming an adaptive recreation instructor at Oscar’s School Center for Adaptive Recreation (pseudonym). Knowledge is often missing in the preparation and training of instructors via non-traditional certification programs, on-the-job training, and background education and experience of persons working in adaptive recreation, adaptive physical education, and adaptive health education. I used an intrinsic case study to examine the perspectives of 17 participants including the executive director, program director, marketing director, and adaptive recreation instructors at Oscar’s School Center for Adaptive Recreation in Colorado, to obtain the missing knowledge. The theoretical framework for this study included Bandura’s (1986) social cognitive theory and Knowles’ (1980) adult learning theory and was used to understand the experience and role of adaptive recreation instructors. Data collection included interviews, observations, reflective journals, and document reviews. I conducted data analysis guided by Yin (2014) and themes identified through open coding, to create a detailed understanding of the adaptive recreation instructor within the realm of an adaptive recreation program.