School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Grania G Holman


Band, Choir, Music, Music Education, Orchestra, Performance-Based Music Classes


Educational Leadership | Music Education | Performance Studies


Educational leaders at the state and district level are struggling to provide adequate funding for schools due to the uncertainty of the economic outlook throughout the country. Although several states have requested and received waivers for the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), many school systems still find themselves in the difficult position of providing enough instructional time dedicated to the four primary core content areas (language arts, math, science, and social studies) to allow students to be successful in high stakes standardized testing. While NCLB stated the fine arts, including performance-based music classes, such as band, choir, and orchestra are part of the core curriculum, music programs are dealing with cutbacks and even elimination. After years of debate in Congress, the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) finally passed and was signed into law by President Barack Obama in December 2015. This legislation provides hope within the music education community these concerns will be addressed. This causal-comparative study measured the impact of performance-based music classes on academic achievement utilizing data provided by recent high school graduates from a high school in the Southeastern United States.