School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Mark Lamport


Herzberg’s theory of motivation, Job satisfaction, Online adjunct faculty, Online education, Organizational commitment, Professional development


Education | Higher Education | Higher Education and Teaching | Online and Distance Education | Other Education | Teacher Education and Professional Development


This quantitative causal comparative research study, guided by Herzberg’s (1964) Two Factor Theory of Motivation, and conducted with 106 online adjunct faculty members teaching at a community college in a Southeastern state, examined the effects of four types of professional development (PD) training for online instruction (i.e., fully online, fully face-to-face, blended [online and face-to-face], and none) on online adjunct faculty members’ levels of motivation and hygiene job satisfaction. Data were analyzed using two one-way MANCOVAs. The first one-way MANCOVA addressed the first research question, which inquired if there were significant differences across online instruction PD training groups on the motivation job satisfaction factors of general job satisfaction, recognition, and autonomy, controlling for online instruction self-efficacy and age. The second one-way MANCOVA addressed the second research question, which queried if there were significant differences across PD training groups on the hygiene job satisfaction factors of faculty support, salary, and teaching schedule, controlling for online instruction self-efficacy. Results from the first one-way MANCOVA showed that participants in the four online instruction PD training groups did not have significantly different levels of general job satisfaction, recognition and autonomy. Results from the second one-way MANCOVA were significant. Participants in the entirely online PD training group had a significantly lower mean faculty support score than did participants in the blended PD training group. Participants who had not received PD training for online instruction had a significantly lower mean teaching schedule score than did participants in the other three PD training groups.