School of Education
Doctor of Education (EdD)
children, physical fitness, self efficacy
Education | Educational Methods | Elementary Education and Teaching
Bomgardner, Richard, "The relationship between education, self-efficacy, and aggregate physical fitness in children" (2014). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 877.
The purpose of this correlational study was to test the hypothesis that educational environment and level of physical activity self-efficacy relates to aggregate physical fitness levels in fifth-grade children in a Midwestern metropolitan community. Religious and public school children (N = 184) completed physical activity self-efficacy measures to examine their exercise and barrier status. These scores were compared to a FitnessGram® battery of physical fitness tests involving body composition, flexibility, muscular strength and endurance, and aerobic capacity to measure their total fitness levels. FitnessGram® scores were converted into a composite score measuring their healthy fitness zone status. Multiple Linear Regressions (R) examined the direction and strength of the linear relationships while the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) was used to test the correlation among the variables. Results of the study showed a significant relationship between educational environment and barrier self-efficacy (r = .158, p = .032) and aggregate physical fitness (R = .264, p = .004). However, school environment and barrier self-efficacy (r = .205; p = .005), had a stronger relationship to higher levels of aggregate physical fitness (R = .282, p = .002) in fifth-grade children.