School of Behavioral Sciences
Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)
Primary Subject Area
Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies; Religion, General; Psychology, Social; Psychology, Clinical; History, Asia, Australia and Oceania
Depression, Forgiveness, North Korean refugees, Religious commitment, Trauma, Unforgiveness
Asian History | Christianity | Counseling Psychology | Practical Theology | Psychology | Race and Ethnicity | Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies | Religion | Social Psychology | Sociology | Sociology of Culture
Park, Jin Uk, "A Study of Social Injustice and Forgiveness in the Case of North Korean Refugees" (2012). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 590.
The current study evaluated the psychometric utility of Decisional Forgiveness Scale and Emotional Forgiveness Scale for the North Korean refugee population and explored the relationship among social adaptation, religious commitment, unforgiveness, forgiveness style and mental health variables (trauma symptoms and depression) among North Korean refugees. Confirmatory Factor Analyses were conducted to investigate the North Korean version of DFS and EFS with collected data from 269 North Korean refugees. The forgiveness instruments, when modified with appropriate item deletions, could be considered as useful for North Korean refugees. In the Multiple Regression Analysis, four of five predictors (social adaptation, hurt characteristics, forgiveness and unforgiveness) are suggested to indirectly or directly influence mental health for North Korean refugees. Factors of unforgiveness, in particular rumination, were found to be the most predictive variable of trauma and depression symptom.
Asian History Commons, Christianity Commons, Counseling Psychology Commons, Practical Theology Commons, Race and Ethnicity Commons, Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies Commons, Social Psychology Commons, Sociology of Culture Commons