School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


David Holder

Primary Subject Area

Education, Curriculum and Instruction; Education, General; Education, Secondary; Education, Social Sciences; Education, Teacher Training; History, General; Speech Communication


History, Multimedia, Powerpoint, Redundancy


Communication | Curriculum and Instruction | Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | History | Instructional Media Design | Liberal Studies | Teacher Education and Professional Development


The use of educational technology to create classroom presentations is already commonplace in American history classes. Therefore, this study focuses on how multimedia presentations can promote efficient instruction specifically, can the employment of the multimedia and redundancy principles (Mayer, 2009) improve the efficiency of student learning in high school history. The goal is to identify methods of multimedia presentation design that maximize the efficiency of instruction, as a gap in literature exists when referencing the performance of adolescents in a public high school and in the study of history. Keeping the focus on efficient learning, this study uses a quasi-experimental post-test only control group design to determine if more learning occurs during a presentation that incorporates either the multimedia or the redundancy principle.