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Theological higher education is going through massive changes as a result of the technological changes in education. Many seminaries have gone from a strictly on campus option for students seeking a master's degree, to a variety of options available to students. Given this recent shift, research is needed to study the impact of these nontraditional means of education on the training of future pastors and church leaders.

This research was conducted with the purpose of studying students who choose to attend seminary through a nontraditional means of online, hybrid, and extension centers. Specifically, exploring the relationship between mentoring and the spiritual formation practices of seminary students taking part in nontraditional theological education.

The students researching for this article included 1380 students from three evangelical seminaries. Each student was enrolled in master’s level programs and attend class through nontraditional means of online, hybrid, and or extension centers. The participating students were surveyed on their mentor and spiritual formation practices while students at seminary.


Published in Journal of Discipleship and Family Ministry. Permission has been secured to include this contribution in the Liberty University’s scholarly repository. All Rights Secured. No copy of this file may be sold or reprinted in whole or in part. To purchase the entire journal issue that contains this contribution, please visit the website of the publication:

Dunlow, Jake. “Perceptions of Spiritual Formation among Nontraditional Seminary Students.” Journal of Discipleship and Family Ministry 4 2 (2014): 72-102.