Ideas have consequences—for good or bad. The apostle Paul, in his letter to a group of Romans, stated that the metaphysical world could be known to humanity (Rom 1:18ff). Over 1,800 years later, Emanuel Kant, a German philosopher, challenged this view of the metaphysical world; that is, Kant claimed that God could not be known, and western Christian philosophy has scrambled ever since to make sense of the two.1 On a similar scale, Howard Gardner, professor at Harvard University, challenged the prevailing view of intelligence in 1983 with his book Frames of Mind, stating that there were a number of different types of intelligences, as opposed to the singular form of intelligence affirmed by the Intelligence Quotient (IQ).
McGee, David A. and Hantla, Bryce, "An Intelligent Critique of Multiple Intelligences: A Christian Review for Leaders" (2013). Faculty Publications and Presentations. 59.