Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Nursing
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic health condition that requires patients to be engaged in their health care. Knowledge of the disease and self-management skills are key components to improving health and outcomes in diabetes patients. Due to the lack of self-management skills, diabetes patients are at risk for diabetes-related health complications. Hemoglobin A1c is a measure that demonstrates the average blood glucose level, which is an indicator of diabetes control. Medical treatments and education are continuously improving and readily for type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this project was to enhance knowledge and self-management skills among chronic care management participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A sample of 30 participants received an educational intervention and completed a pre and post patient self-management survey to evaluate for improvement. The average pre-intervention hemoglobin A1c was equal to 8.0% and an average score of the pre-intervention survey was 29 out of 40. The post-educational intervention data shows a small depreciation of the average hemoglobin A1c that was equal to 7.3% with a growth in the average survey score of 31 out of 40. Although the data did not demonstrate statistical significance, there was an increase in clinical significance. Healthcare providers should utilize self-management resources as an intervention to enhance knowledge and self-management skills for type 2 diabetes patients.
Bates, Demetria, "The Impact of an Educational Intervention to Enhance Self-Management in Type 2 Diabetes Patients" (2018). Graduate Student Projects and Scholarship. 23.