Publication Date

Spring 2020


College of Arts and Sciences


Mathematics--Teacher Certification


mathematics education, visual impairments


The ability to accurately read and subsequently comprehend a mathematical expression is vital to the understanding of mathematics. The Braille illiteracy rate has steadily risen among individuals with visual impairments, increasing the need for effective resources in mathematics education for such individuals. A literature review was conducted, compiling information from various resources which demonstrate the gaps in this area. Audio System for Technical Readings (AsTeR) is an existing software which can read aloud technical documents created in LaTeX, the most used typesetting application for the creation of mathematic documents. A collaboration between Abraham Nemeth’s MathSpeak guidelines for vocalizing mathematical text and AsTeR software could increase accessibility in math documents. This accessibility would create resources for students with varying visual disabilities.