Kelly VanLewFollow

Publication Date



School of Behavioral Sciences


attachment style, international adoptees, pre-adoptive trauma, secure attachment


Social and Behavioral Sciences | Social Work


An individual’s attachment style influences many aspects of his life, including emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and social development. Attachment style is largely dependent upon both the quality and quantity of care a child receives from a caregiver in the earliest stages of life. Children who have been adopted internationally may have been exposed to challenges posed by inadequate caregiving or resources, which includes malnutrition, poor medical attention, and instances of abuse, neglect, or deprivation. Because of these adverse experiences, international adoptees may be at risk of developing attachment disorders, experiencing behavioral issues, and struggling socially and psychologically. However, many of these challenges can be overcome with parental sensitivity and positive familial relationships.

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