Emma ShepardFollow

Publication Date

Spring 5-1-2018


School of Nursing


Nursing (B.S.N.)


Burns, Diabetes Mellitus, Stress Response, Burn Treatment


Critical Care Nursing | Nursing


Burns are complex injuries that trigger the stress response and result in increased blood glucose. Diabetes mellitus, an endocrine disorder with abnormal glucose regulation, can significantly alter the risk for burns and the treatment of burns. Pre-existing diabetes mellitus complicates burn treatments and healing ability. Diabetes mellitus may also develop directly from an unregulated stress response to the burn. The consideration of diabetes mellitus affects wound care, medications, and nutrition for burn patients. As patient advocates, nurses are responsible for caring for burn patients with awareness of endocrine complications. This paper provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology, complications, and treatments of burns in relation to the adult population with diabetes mellitus to provide evidence-based care to critically ill patients.