School of Nursing
maternal diabetes, birth defects
Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing
Stanton, Erin, "The Correlation Between Maternal Diabetes and Birth Defects" (2015). Senior Honors Theses. 520.
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common health problems in the United States, and it is shown to have negative outcomes in infants born to women who are diabetic. Although gestational diabetes mellitus is linked with a few birth defects, research has shown that women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of giving birth to infants with birth defects. Among all the defects studied, cardiac and neural tube defects occur most commonly. Appropriate measures should be taken to provide patient teaching, as well as appropriate and effective prenatal care, to women who are at the highest risk for having pre-gestational diabetes mellitus in order to decrease the risk of associated birth defects