Avery KordusFollow

Publication Date



School of Nursing


Nursing (B.S.N.)


breastfeeding, breast milk, benefits, formula, nutrition, development, SIDS, preterm infants


Anatomy | Biochemistry | Developmental Neuroscience | Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Family Practice Nursing | Human and Clinical Nutrition | Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing | Medicine and Health Sciences | Molecular, Genetic, and Biochemical Nutrition | Neuroscience and Neurobiology | Nursing | Nursing Midwifery | Nutrition | Pediatric Nursing | Psychology


Breastfeeding research is plentiful, and the majority of the literature shows that breast milk is the superior form of infant nutrition except in the rare circumstances of infant metabolic disorders, maternal drug use, or positive HIV status. In comparison to formula, breast milk provides improved cognition, development, behavior, bonding, nutrition, digestion, immunity, and long-term health with fewer diseases and conditions in infants. Mothers are benefited by breastfeeding through bonding, faster weight loss, and reduction in certain cancers and conditions. Breast milk contains the proper amount of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, and is also specialized for each infant and developmental stage. While formula is a viable alternative to breast milk, the same benefits cannot be achieved.