Publication Date

Spring 2013


Helms School of Government


Government: International Studies

Primary Subject Area

Military Studies; Political Science, International Law and Relations; Political Science, General


Intelligence, Director of National Intelligence, Terrorism, 9/11, National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States, Intelligence Community


American Politics | International Relations | Models and Methods | Other Political Science


September 11, 2001 marks the date of the largest attack on American soil since the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II. This event not only changed the lives of individuals who suffered intense loss but changed the course of American history in several ways. This paper focuses specifically on the changes in the intelligence community since the attacks. The attacks that 9/11 presented flaws in the system created demonstrating weakness as a direct result of the immense destruction that occurred. The thesis of this paper is to analyze, assess, and draw conclusions on the effectiveness of the creation of the Director of National Intelligence position in the Intelligence Reform and Prevention Act, 2004. To assess that effectiveness, an overview of the Intelligence Community will be examined along with the relationship that exists between the DNI and other agencies, decisions that were made by incumbents, and an analysis of the security environments for the United States. The analysis demonstrates that the DNI does not necessarily help solve any problems, but creates another layer of bureaucracy.