Publication Date

Fall 12-1-2011


College of Arts and Sciences


Nursing (B.S.N.); Psychology: Clinical/Experimental

Primary Subject Area

Health Sciences, Nursing; Health Sciences, Mental Health


Expressed Emotion, EE, Nursing, Emotion Work, High Expressed Emotion by Nurse affects patient outcome, Psychiatric Nursing, Mental Health Nursing, Readmission Rates, Relapse, Camberwell Family Interview, Nurse Attitude Scale, Nurse Attitudes and Behavior, Expressed Emotion in long-stay wards, Educating nurses in Expressed Emotion, Links between Expressed Emotion Work and General Emotions, Cultural Expressed Emotion


Health Communication | Other Nursing | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing


Nurses play a vital role in the health and care of a patient. Through that care, the nurse has the ability to improve the patient’s experience or ruin it. A vital component influencing the care provided are the emotions the nurse displays toward her coworkers, patients, and patients’ family members. The emotions of a nurse may positively or negatively impact a patient. The studies that examine the impact of the nurse’s emotions on patient’s outcomes are varied and few. The communication and emotion of nurses are likely to impact their care and, from that, the patient’s outcome; however, there is little solid research on the specific effects, be they positive or negative. A connection might be found in studies of Expressed Emotion in psychiatric patients. Expressed Emotion (EE) refers to the negative emotions the patients’ family, and in newer research, that the patient’s nurses, display to psychiatric patients that can lead to relapses in their condition. Correlations between emotion and outcome are strongly evidenced in EE research. Examining the empirical research that shows the impact of EE on patient outcomes may give insight on the impact of a nurse’s attitude on patient outcomes as a whole.