Publication Date

Spring 4-26-2011


College of Arts and Sciences


Kinesiology: Exercise Science

Primary Subject Area

Biology, Anatomy; Biology, Physiology; Health Sciences, Rehabilitation and Therapy


Anterior Cruciate Ligament, ACL, Knee, Knee Injury, Ligament


Medical Anatomy | Physical Therapy | Sports Sciences


According to the American College of Sports Medicine, women are two to eight times more likely to sustain an anterior cruciate ligament injury than men at the same level of performance. This high incidence of women with an ACL injury is thought to be due to a number of gender differences. This study examines the research that has been conducted to determine the reason for the disproportionate incidence of anterior cruciate ligament in female population. The study encompasses anatomical structure of the knee joint, structural differences in the male and female knee, hormonal influences, biomechanical influences, neuromuscular influences, and strategies for prevention. If intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for women can be determined and altered, then steps can be taken to reduce the risk of an anterior cruciate ligament injury in women.