Publication Date

Spring 4-8-2010


School of Religion


Philosophy and Religion: Biblical Studies

Primary Subject Area

Jewish Studies; Religion, Biblical Studies; Theology


Davidic covenant, anointing, Anointed One, Messiah, Davidic kingship, Israelite kingship, Psalm 2:1-2; Acts 4:25-27, Acts 4:23-31, typology, Old Testament in the New, New Testament use of the Old, OT in the NT, NT use of the OT, scriptural quotations, messianic prophecy, Son of God, Christ, christology, covenant, covenantal kingship, King David, anointing oil, royal anointing, anointing in Israel, Psalm 2 in Acts 4, Psalm 2, Acts 4, kingship and covenant, ancient near east customs, ANE anointing, hermeneutics, hermeneutics of Psalm 2 in Acts 4, typological use of scripture, persecution, persecution in the early church, prayer and persecution, theology of persecution, boldness in the face of opposition, nations rage, Gentiles rage, holy servant Jesus, David your servant, 2 Samuel 7:8-17, 2 Samuel 7, 2 Sam. 7:8-17, 2 Sam. 7, Ps. 2, Psa. 2, Ps. 2:1-2, anointing ceremony


Biblical Studies | History of Religions of Eastern Origins | Jewish Studies


This study examines the title “Christ” as applied to Jesus in Acts 4:25-27. “Christ” or “Anointed One” here is directly connected to Psalm 2:1-2, and ultimately derives from the royal anointing ceremony of Israel. That ceremony symbolizes a commitment by God to the monarch which is made most specific in the Davidic covenant. The Gospel of Luke uses the title “Christ” to connect these Davidic themes to Jesus. In Acts 4:25-27, “Christ” continues to signify Israel’s king backed by the Davidic covenant. The apostles’ reading of Psalm 2 provides a foundation for understanding their own recent persecution and for their hope that the opponents of the King they represent—like those in Psalm 2—will not prevail.