School of Communication
Communication Studies: Journalism
Primary Subject Area
History, Latin American
Brazil, Brazilian dictatorship, protest songs, MPB, rhetorical analysis
International and Area Studies | Latin American Studies | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Rezende, Fernanda P., "The Influence of the Brazilian Dictatorship on Brazilian Music: A Rhetorical Analysis of Protest Songs" (2008). Senior Honors Theses. 18.
In 1964, Brazil suffered a military coup that established a dictatorship in the country until 1985. During this period, the armed forces used unrestrained violence to suppress the opposition, and the government placed a heavy censorship on the media and the arts. Music was a targeted area due to its great influence on society, especially on the youth, and many songwriters and singers were exiled. In order to escape from the censors and still be able to convey a revolutionary message to the people, they had to use different literary devices and create new methods of writing. It was in this context that a new and unique segment in Brazilian music emerged–the so-called “protest songs.”