Publication Date

Spring 5-2023


School of Engineering and Computational Sciences


Engineering: Mechanical


The study of the composition and processes of the interior of the Earth has been the subject of interest in various fields. The analysis of heat transfer in the Earth’s interior, in particular, is an area that has tremendous potential to impact other fields, especially that of renewable energy. Geothermal power utilizes the heat beneath the Earth’s surface to generate electricity and offers the potential to significantly reduce carbon emissions by lowering the quantity of fossil fuels burned by coal- and gas-fired power plants. This paper analyzes the science behind geothermal energy, including its limitations and potential improvements that could enhance its ability to compete with other technologies.