Publication Date

Spring 4-2023


School of Engineering and Computational Sciences


Engineering: Mechanical


Biotechnology | Electro-Mechanical Systems | Exercise Physiology | Polymer and Organic Materials


This literature review aimed to address the limitations of rigid wearable sensors in the medical community by investigating the development of flexible materials for remote health monitoring. A keyword search was conducted on Google Scholar, PubMed, and the Jerry Falwell Library, which yielded 9,102 articles. After applying filtering techniques, the results were narrowed down to 21 articles, which were categorized into "Present Market Conditions," "Flexible Materials for Medical Use," "Applications for Wearable Sensors," and "Potential Use Cases." Discussions were held on prominent materials such as substrate, nanocomposite, and liquid metal materials, exploring their potential applications for chemical and physical sensing, as well as power supply considerations for these devices. The study concluded with potential use cases, such as athletic performance metrics, military personnel monitoring, and patients with chronic conditions. The research found that further exploration in the field of soft, textile-based micro batteries is necessary to overcome the current limitations of wearable sensors. The study provides valuable insights into the future of wearable sensors in the medical community and highlights the need for more research into the use of flexible materials.