Publication Date

Fall 2020


School of Nursing


Nursing (B.S.N.)


Contraception, Birth Control, Pregnancy, Abortion, Hormones, Estrogen, Progestin, Mechanisms of Action, Methods


Biological Factors | Chemicals and Drugs | Embryonic Structures | Family Practice Nursing | Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications | Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists | Maternal and Child Health | Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing | Medicine and Health Sciences | Obstetrics and Gynecology | Pharmaceutics and Drug Design | Preventive Medicine | Public Health Education and Promotion | Reproductive and Urinary Physiology | Women's Health


This thesis reviews the many methods of contraception available in the United States. Although society’s understanding of women’s health has become a major topic, there is still a significant deficit of information regarding how the accessible methods affect women’s bodies, specifically reproductive tissue. The thesis analyzes numerous contraceptive options focusing specifically on the mechanisms of action to determine whether options have abortifacient properties so that readers may develop educated opinions regarding medical and ethical uses. Information involving strengths and limitations of each technique and the effects on both the female body and the reproductive material assist in understanding the process by which proposed outcomes are reached and the specificity of whether they have accomplished only their intended goal.