If we wish to know what the founding generation meant by liberty, consult the election sermons and thanksgiving sermons of the day. The founders knew that “where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty” (2 Cor. 3:17). They sought to live together as a Christian people according to Christ’s “perfect law of liberty” (Jas. 1:25). That is, “the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free” (Gal. 5:1). This is what is written between the lines of the Constitution. The Bible is the charter of our liberty. It is the substance of our constitutional liberties.
Samson, Steven, "Bicentennial Lecture: The Charter of Our Liberty" (1987). Faculty Publications and Presentations. 483.