Publication Date

Spring 1992

Document Type



Book Review: Yes, but . . . , Leftism Revisited: From de Sade and Marx to Hitler and Pol Pot by Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn, in Modern Age, 34 (Spring 1992): 241-45. Reprinted as “Genie of the Empty Bottle,” Crosswinds 3 (Spring/Summer 1993): 103-06.


Leftism is first and foremost a religion of revolution. It is the conscious and deliberate transvaluation—with malice aforethought—of western Christendom, its symbols, and its foundational truths. In Manichean fashion, it exalts the humble and abases the proud on its own terms and own authority. After all, “turnabout is fair play.” It is the old leveling spirit seeking to bring down all high things, even on a cosmic scale. Rejecting the transcendental perspective of Christianity, Leftism substitutes another gospel: a version of the story told by goats.