Faculty Publications and Presentations

Publication Date


Document Type

Conference Presentation


Curriculum and Instruction | Disability and Equity in Education | Educational Methods | Instructional Media Design | Special Education and Teaching


This presentation was given at the Virginia Council for Exceptional Children held at Liberty University in Lynchburg, Virginia on November 18, 2011.


Modeling is a technique that is often used to teach new skills to students with disabilities. Modeling is effective for teaching communication, social, and functional living skills to students with emotional, behavioral, and cognitive disorders (Werts, Caldwell, & Wolery, 1996). Video modeling and audio prompts can be as effective as live modeling (Murzynski & Bourret, 2007; Rehfeldt, Dahman, Young, Cherry, & Davis, 2003). In fact, some researchers have suggested that video modeling results in more rapid acquisition of skills than live modeling and may even be more generalizable across environments (Charlop & Milstein ,1989). With the introduction of mobile devises, students can be provided with pictorial instructions , audio prompts, and video modeling at any time in any place. Research is beginning to demonstrate that the use of mobile devices for these purposes is effective (Furniss et al., 2011; Hammond, Whatley, Ayres, & Gast , 2010). Developers of iPad and ipod touch applications have developed a variety of tools with pictorial instructions , audio prompts, and video modeling for teaching students with disabilities. Apps like Story Kit, Puppet Pals, Strip Design, Model Me Kids, and Popplet are some of the many applications . Several of these applications have been effectively used in homes and the school system. This presentation will identify and demonstrate iPad and ipod touch applications (free and low cost) that both teachers and school counselors can use with students for individual interventions, guidance lessons, and skill training. Further, iPad applications that allow educators and teachers to create social stories and movies to teach social skills using their own pictures, videos, and voice will be demonstrated and opportunity for practice with these applications will be provided. A discussion about practical application and classroom integration will ensue.