Faculty Publications and Presentations

Publication Date


Document Type

Conference Proceeding




Rockinson-Szapkiw, A., Dunn, R. & Holder, D. (2010). Technologies that Assist in Closing the Achievement Gap: A Comparison African American and Caucasian Students’ Learning and Community in the Online Classroom. In D. Gibson & B. Dodge (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2010 (pp. 804-809). Chesapeake, VA: AACE. Retrieved from http://www.editlib.org/p/33444. Used by permission. Copyright 2010.


Higher Education administrators and educators seek to understand how to design and to facilitate online courses to ensure quality, culturally responsive online education for minority students, specifically African American students, and to close the academic achievement gap that exists today. This study examines online students’ using both synchronous and asynchronous technologies to determine whether students’ social presence, cognitive presence, teacher presence, and perceived learning differ based upon ethnicity. A one-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted. Results yielded no significant difference in dependent variables based on ethnicity.

Included in

Education Commons