School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Kathie Morgan


Achievement, Age, Gender, Motivation, Spritual Intelligence


Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Psychology


The purpose of this non-experimental, correlational quantitative research study was to examine the relationship between student achievement and spiritual intelligence while controlling for age and gender in two public and two private schools in a southeastern city. The variable of interest and criterion variable of achievement was measured by the American College Test (ACT). The variable of spiritual intelligence was measured using a 24 question self-report assessment entitled The Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory (SISRI-24) by D. King (2008). The SISRI-24 included four subscales, critical existential thinking (CET), personal meaning production (PMP), transcendental awareness (TA), and conscious state expansion (CSE) that were analyzed as predictor variables. The control and predictor variables of age and gender were analyzed as well. Ninety students took the SISRI-24 survey with seventy-six completing the ACT. The results were analyzed using sequential (hierarchical) multiple regression statistics. Analysis showed the strength of the relationship between the predictor and control variables of spiritual intelligence, age, and gender, and the criterion variable of achievement (ACT). The results found a small inverse relationship between a student's self-reported spiritual intelligence (SISRI-24) and the participants' achievement (ACT) that was not statistically significant. The demographic variables of age and gender were predictors of achievement while the SISRI-24 was not.