School of Education


Doctor of Philosophy in Education (PhD)


Mary Strickland


video analysis, reflection, video annotation software, preservice teachers, self-efficacy, field experience observations, student teaching




The purpose of this hermeneutic phenomenological study was to explore preservice teachers’ experiences with video observations at Central University. The theory guiding this study was Bandura’s self-efficacy theory as it provides insights into the internal and external factors that affect an individual’s perception of their capabilities. Self-efficacy is a critical component and goal of field experience observations. The central research question for this hermeneutic phenomenological study was: What are preservice teachers’ attitudes and experiences using video annotation software during field experience? The study was divided into two phases: individual interviews with preservice teachers, audio-visual elicitation interviews, a letter-writing activity, and qualitative data aggregation. Four themes were derived from the participants’ experiences: (a) streamlined reflection, (b) digital detachment, (c) the supervisor variable, and (d) program components’ effect on self-efficacy. Interpretations of the themes included four significant interpretations: (a) video annotation software improves reflection capabilities and personal agency, (b) video annotation software is a field supervision tool, not replacement, (c) convenient but not complete: video annotation software asynchronous communication is not enough, and (d) expectations and structure matter.

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