Helms School of Government


Doctor of Philosophy in Criminal Justice (PhD)


David Ojo


recidivism, education, inmate programming, probation, correctional success


Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration


This transcendental phenomenological study aimed to explore the lived experiences of repeat offenders under probation supervision within Placer County, California. The hierarchy of needs theory provided the theoretical framework for the study. The central research question was: What are the lived experiences of the repeat offenders under Placer County, California probation supervision? The three guiding questions asked the following: 1) How do offenders describe their lived experiences as a repeat offender? 2) How do offenders describe the support or lack of support from correctional intervention? 3) How do participants perceive the challenges experienced after being released back to the community? Criterion sampling was used to recruit ten repeat offenders within Placer County for this study. The data was collected through semistructured interviews and reflexive memos. The data was coded utilizing NVivo 12 Plus to complete a thematic analysis. Three primary themes emerged from the data: 1) correctional environment, 2) reintegration into society, and 3) follow-up when released. The findings revealed that the repeat offenders struggled to provide for their basic needs when released from custody. The implications of the study’s findings, delimitations and limitations, and recommendations for future research will also be discussed.