College of Arts and Sciences
Doctor of Philosophy in History (PhD)
World War II, Hawaii, Japanese Internment, Martial Law, Constitutional Law, Pearl Harbor
Van Hoose, Darrel Raymond, "The Impact of World War II on Hawaii" (2023). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 4617.
This dissertation will discuss World War II and the declaration of martial law in Hawaii. The attack on Pearl Harbor set in motion a series of events that violated the civil rights of thousands of individuals living in Hawaii. The Supreme Court declared that the military violated the rights of citizens and that the declaration of war did not stop citizens from being protected under the Constitution. Through examining the decisions of government officials in Washington D.C., the military command in Hawaii, the archival documents, and testimonies of both government workers and civilians provided evidence that the United States government and military command in Hawaii acted in the interest of security; however, evidence also proved that certain individuals within the government were not acting in the best interests of the Japanese individuals living in Hawaii. These racially motivated actions proved to have a negative effect on the relationship between the United States government and the individuals living in the Territory of Hawaii.