School of Music


Doctor of Worship Studies (DWS)


Douglas Anthony


indigenous, cultural, OPM, worship style, traditional, Filipino ministries, ethnic sounds, colonial mentality, CLAT


Liturgy and Worship | Music


Despite the Philippines’ wonderful indigenous music and talents, Manila Baptist and Los Angeles Baptist churches do not utilize indigenous sounds in typical worship practices. This paper contends that the untapped resources of cultural sounds may contribute to a dynamic worship experience that resonates more effectively as Filipino. This study investigates the absence of indigenous sound in two Filipino Baptist churches from Los Angeles and Manila (QC). It analyzes relevant ethnic music components and each church’s response to the fusion of indigenous and traditional music in the worship experience. The explanatory sequential mixed method will focus on an artistic-creative study to determine the inclusion or exclusion of indigenous sounds in the present worship styles practiced in the Philippine urban Baptist church. The research will consider what ethnic musical expressions are adaptable in urban Philippine Baptist churches through a historical overview, analysis of emerging music trends, interviews of church musicians, and comparison of perspectives between Filipino ministries in Los Angeles and Manila. The research will finish with a template for introducing cultural sounds to their worship music. The author hopes that the results of this study will encourage local churches to embrace Filipino sounds and integrate their uniqueness into the worship expressions of the congregation. The research hopes that the training experience will continue to prompt creative and original music to flourish in future Filipino Baptist communities, encouraging a more intuitive connection among fellow Filipinos and a heartfelt response to the gospel through music and culture—“kayang gawin!” (it can be done!).