Rawlings School of Divinity


Doctor of Education in Christian Leadership (EdD)


William Higley


Multicultural Christianity, Spiritual Formation, Contextualization, Social Formation, Intellectual Formation, Heterogeneous


Christianity | Practical Theology


The population in America has changed dramatically over the past twenty years. The homogenous communities present when churches began in America have become heterogeneous. The homogeneous church growth models have possibly hindered spiritual formation for churches in America. Multicultural churches seek to solve this problem by creating environments that strategically create congregations that match the demographics of American communities. This correlational study aimed to explore if a relationship exists between multicultural church practices and spiritual formation in spiritual, social, and intellectual areas. The study employed survey instrumentation that used the MCSFS. Overall, five distinctly multicultural churches spread out across America were involved in the study. A non-probability purposive sampling method was used in acquiring the sample. Survey Monkey was employed to deliver the surveys. The data was placed in SPSS statistical software to perform Spearman’s rho to determine if correlations exist. There was also a Cronbach’s alpha test calculated for internal validity. The study showed a significant positive correlation between spiritual, social, and intellectual maturity relative to multicultural church practices. Also, Cronbach’s alpha determined a strong internal validity for the instrumentation.