School of Education


Doctor of Philosophy in Education (PhD)


Hoiwah Benny Fong


learning management system, Blackboard, Canvas, Schoology, student achievement, quantitative


Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research


The purpose of this quantitative, causal-comparative research was to compare the differences in middle-school student achievement for grade 7 math students among three different learning management systems: Blackboard, Canvas, and Schoology. The instrument was the Virginia Grade 7 Math Standards of Learning test. The population included students in the 7th grade attending a public school in the state of Virginia. The participants were the individual school districts. The study examined the means between the pass rates of the three learning management systems to see if there was a significant difference. The independent variable included the three learning management systems: Blackboard, Canvas, and Schoology. The dependent variable was the student pass rates that were reported to the school districts. The sum of one pass proficient and one pass advanced pass rate for each district was calculated and organized in an excel spreadsheet. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to run a one-way ANOVA. The results revealed that there was no significant difference between the means thus supporting the hypothesis. The study increased the understanding of the difference between the means of three different learning management systems. Finally, it is suggested that future investigations focus on students in K-12 educational settings, face-to-face instruction, and post COVID-19 instruction.